FAQ about orthodontic treatment

This is a specialised extent of dentistry that focuses in diagnosing and treating dental and facial irregularities/mal-occlusion, the most common,“straightening of crooked teeth”.
An orthodontist is a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial mal-occlusion and restores the esthetics and creates beautiful and healthy smile. All orthodontists are dentists, but only about 5-6% of dentists are orthodontists. Only dentists who have successfully completed advanced specialty education programs may call themselves orthodontists, but they don’t have registration/licence and enough potential to treat the patient efficiently.
The person who have irregularly placed/forwardly placed teeth with healthy gums and no mobility of teeth can successfully proceed to the orthodontic treatment. Today children as well as adults are choosing to have orthodontic treatment since age is no longer a factor that governs the feasibility of the treatment. But as you grow older the duration of the treatment is increased since it is easier to shift and align teeth during the growth phase of the jaws. Orthodontic treatment corrects
  • Malocclusion (bite or occlusion is off)
  • tooth malalignment (crooked teeth)
Anyone with misaligned or irregular teeth, buck teeth crowded teeth, overlapping teeth, rabbit teeth or ones with gaps in between may require orthodontic treatment. Such patient’s donot have confidence to talk, smile during their routine professional life. Orthodontics is not only used to improve your appearance. Malocclusion or malaligned teeth can have long term effects, such as: interference with normal growth and development of the jaws
  • Abnormal swallowing patterns
  • Abnormal facial muscle function
  • Impairment of chewing
  • Speech defects
  • susceptibility to cavities due to the difficulty of removing plaque from crooked teeth vulnerability to accidents or fractured teeth (if your front teeth stick out, they may be more easily injured)
Teeth can slowly be moved and shifted into proper position by applying pressure in certain directions. Bands, wires and elastics are placed on the teeth to move them in the right direction. This takes place slowly and carefully over an extended period of time. Shifting teeth back into a functional position can take months to years, but eventually you’ll have a new and improved mouth! Retainers are often used after the braces, to hold the teeth in their new position until they are stable. It is important to wear the braces or an appliance for however long it takes. If you quit at any point during treatment, the teeth can shift back into their old position.
In some cases a patient may need to get some teeth extracted in order to fix the braces. Teeth are only removed after serious consideration. However, if the patient is referred to a qualified orthodontist at a young age and the problem is not severe, than the entire treatment may be carried out without tooth removal. It is critical therefore to visit a dentist at the earliest sign of irregular teeth so that he may refer you an orthodontist.
The patient undergoing orthodontic treatment need not to change his/her diet. He/she can eat cooked food but be precautious that food is not hard or sticky. Foods that are best avoided are popcorn, sticky chocolates, hard nuts and fruits, hard crusts and sticky hard non veg food. These foods can break or loosen your braces making you uncomfortable and can delay treatment.
The cost of orthodontic treatment will depend on many factors, including the severity of the problem, the length of treatment and the type of braces you choose. Many orthodontic problems require only limited treatment at relatively inexpensive fees. Your orthodontic specialist will be glad to discuss fees with you before treatment begins. Convenient financing with an initial down payment and monthly installments can usually be arranged.
Brushing with braces on your teeth requires a little more effort than, if you didn’t any. Special orthodontic toothbrush is advised to patient, which should be used twice a day in gentle circular motions with special emphasis to dislodge food that is lodged between teeth and the braces. Use mouthwash to rinse additionally.
Not at all. You don’t have to take any leave from schools or from your office. It has become more simpler & painless monthly visits than ever. You will only need to take reasonable care of your braces during contact sports like boxing, football, hockey, cricket etc. to prevent damage to the braces and injury to the teeth and lips.
Appointments can be sheduled from four to six-week intervals, depending on your stage of treatment. In the initial stage, the appointments are more frequent. Once the appliances (braces) are fabricated and in place, the adjustment appointments are scheduled at longer intervals
Although determining if treatment is necessary is difficult for you to assess, the following symptoms may help in prompting you to seek our orthodontic advice.
Orthodontists recommend that your child be evaluated by age seven. Early detection of some orthodontic problems is important in order to take early corrective action and avoid more difficult treatment later.
Orthodontic treatment has improved dramatically. As a rule, braces make your teeth sore for a few days, but it is not painful. This annoyance can be relieved with an over-the-counter pain reliever.

FAQs for Root Canal Treatment

When the decay in a tooth spreads deep inside and reaches the blood and nerve supply organ called “pulp” the person experiences severe pain, swelling or even pus discharge. Sometimes the dying pulp does not show any symptoms. The infected pulp is removed and filled with a suitable material and the tooth is protected with a crown or cap. It helps preserve the natural tooth and avoids unnecessary extraction.
No. We perform root canal therapy under Local anesthesia. The medication puts the tooth to sleep so that the procedure is comfortable and no pain is experienced. Your dentist will prescribe you medications to avoid discomfort.
No. Root canal therapy helps preserve the tooth structure in its original place. In order to get to the pulp significant amount of tooth structure is removed. This weakens the tooth and hence we must protect it with a crown or cap.
It may take up to two or three sessions for the treatment of a tooth. A temporary filling is placed to protect the tooth in between the appointments, after this the cap can be given within three days.
After root canal treatment the tooth in question becomes brittle. A crown covers and protects the tooth from breaking in the future.

FAQs for Dental Implant

No, Dental implant requires same care as real teeth such as brushing, flossing, regular dental check up.
  • Brush twice a day with soft brush.
  • Brush after eating leafy and sticky food.
  • Floss atleast once to twice a day use proxa brush or floss to remove plaque under and around the areas to maintain good oral hygiene.
  • Rinse with fluoride mouthwash before going to bed. Rinse vigoursly for atleast 1 minute. Do not swallow any of the rinse and don’t eat or drink anything for 30 minute.
  • visit your dentist for routine dental check-up and cleanings.
Currently the market is flooded with companies marketing dental implants. Barring few and negligible differences almost all have same design and pattern. Choice for a particular product is purely based on user preference and being friendly to a particular product. Common systems available in the market include Nobel Biocare, Xive, Endopore, Alpha Bio etc
The success of a dental implant primarily depends on its ability to bear chewing forces which in turn is very much dependent upon how much bone is available in the site where the implant is placed. There are lots of things that affect the bone volume like gum diseases, trauma and age and it is not unusual to open up a site in the mouth for implant placement and find out that some of the critical supporting bone is missing. No problem…. Modern dentistry has gifted us new techniques to augment missing bone. We can increase both the height and width of bone by using bone substitutes called as Bone grafts. We can even use grafting techniques to prevent the loss of bone in circumstances where bone would normally be lost like the extraction of a tooth.
The implant treatment might appear very scary but infact it is associated with little or no pain or discomfort during the entire procedure.
Most of the patients can have dental implants irrespective of age. If you are healthy enough to undergo routine dental extractions then you are suitable candidate for implants. In some cases loss or lack of sufficient bone to support implant may preclude implant treatment. Smoking & Uncontrolled blood sugar level in diabetic person increase the number of problems associated with implants.
Statistics confirm a success rate of nearly 95% for individual implant & even higher for the bridges they support. Generally implant will normally serve its owner for life.
Implant treatment might appear very scary but infact it is associated with very little or no pain or discomfort during entire procedure.

FAQs for Cosmetic Treatment

Yes you definitely are a candidate for bleaching if you have tea, coffee or cigarette stains. Today, whither teeth are no longer a monopoly of film stars and models. Even you can get your teeth bleached provide you have a desire for a bright smile with whiter teeth.
Bleaching of teeth in some cases causes temporary sensitivity of teeth and slight irritation to gums. But both these problems are transitory in nature and might probably be avoided if the manufacturer’s instructions are followed.
Tooth Whitening may last up to 5 years depending on your food habits, personal habits and your oral hygiene. Food habits which effect bleaching are spicy food with red chilies and food with turmeric. Personal habits include tea. coffee and smoking. Lastly and most importantly, how you maintain your teeth after bleaching with regular brushing will decide the time the whitening stays.
Bleaching of teeth is generally associated with unrealistic expectations. It is a very common misunderstanding that teeth become perfect white after bleaching. Generally the shade of the teeth gets light by 2 to 3 shades. Nobody can predict with absolute certainty the result before the start of the procedure. Individual results varies depending on the types and intensity of the stains and the quality of the enamel in the tooth. Sometimes, within the same tooth some areas respond to treatment in a better way than other areas depending on the thickness of enamel.

FAQs for crown and bridge

In a normal, healthy mouth, chewing function is well balanced since each upper tooth has proper contact and function with corresponding lower teeth. Because of this natural proper balance, undue strain or irritation on the gum tissue and bone is non-existent. Drifting or spreading of teeth does not occur and oral hygiene is easily maintained. But, this natural proper balance is quickly destroyed when a tooth is lost.
A root canal treated, worn, grossly decayed, severely sensitive tooth may require a crown to protect, strengthen and prevent further damage so the teeth can function efficiently.
No. On the contrary it will make the existing tooth stronger.
We’ll use materials to strengthen the tooth and then reduce the size and use special adhesive materials to cement the cap to the tooth.
We can re-cement it or repair it.
A bridge has many crowns as one unit. It is used even in case of missing teeth. The tooth that is replaced is supported by the adjacent crowns acting like pillars.
A bridge has many crowns as one unit. It is used even in case of missing teeth. The tooth that is replaced is supported by the adjacent crowns acting like pillars.
Both crowns and most bridges are fixed prosthetic devices. Unlike removable devices such as dentures, which you can take out and clean daily, crowns and bridges are cemented onto existing teeth or implants, and can only be removed by a dentist.
A crown is used to entirely cover or “cap” a damaged tooth. Besides strengthening a damaged tooth, a crown can be used to improve its appearance, shape or alignment. A crown can also be placed on top of an implant to provide a tooth-like shape and structure for function. Porcelain or ceramic crowns can be matched to the color of your natural teeth. Other materials include gold and metal alloys, acrylic and ceramic. These alloys are generally stronger than porcelain and may be recommended for back teeth. Porcelain bonded to a metal shell is often used because it is both strong and attractive. Your dentist may recommend a crown to:
  • Replace a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining
  • Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
  • Restore a fractured tooth
  • Attach a bridge
  • Cover a dental implant
  • Cover a discolored or poorly shaped tooth
  • Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment
A bridge may be recommended if you’re missing one or more teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty spaces, resulting in a bad bite. The imbalance caused by missing teeth can also lead to gum disease and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. They span the space where the teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge. A replacement tooth, called a pontic, is attached to the crowns that cover the abutments. As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges. Your dentist can help you decide which to use, based on the location of the missing tooth (or teeth), its function, aesthetic considerations and cost. Porcelain or ceramic bridges can be matched to the color of your natural teeth.
Before either a crown or a bridge can be made, the tooth (or teeth) must be reduced in size so that the crown or bridge will fit over it properly. After reducing the tooth/teeth, your dentist will take an impression to provide an exact mold for the crown or bridge. If porcelain is to be used, your dentist will determine the correct shade for the crown or bridge to match the color of your existing teeth. Using this impression, a dental lab then makes your crown or bridge, in the material your dentist specifies. A temporary crown or bridge will be put in place to cover the prepared tooth while the permanent crown or bridge is being made. When the permanent crown or bridge is ready, the temporary crown or bridge is removed, and the new crown or bridge is cemented over your prepared tooth or teeth.
While crowns and bridges can last a lifetime, they do sometimes come loose or fall out. The most important step you can take to ensure the longevity of your crown or bridge is to practice good oral hygiene. A bridge can lose its support if the teeth or bone holding it in place are damaged by dental disease. Keep your gums and teeth healthy by brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice a day and flossing daily. Also see your dentist and hygienist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings. To prevent damage to your new crown or bridge, avoid chewing hard foods, ice or other hard objects.